partition of Poland, that Stalin was following in the footsteps of the Tsarina Catherine the Second, and that his aim was the annexation of their country. In the early days of I9433 however, this possibility had not then been anticipated in Allied circles, and in the ripening conflict, Poland was considered to be e unreasonable' over the attitude she had adopted. As the conflict between Russia and Poland increased in intensity, so it became no longer possible either to pacify or settle matters through normal diplomatic channels, and when the Polish Government finally decided to defend the cause of their country in the eyes of the world, Moscow seized the opportunity to increase its verbal attack on Poland, Within a few days the Kremlin had replied to the Polish Statement, and it now seemed as if the Soviet's public prosecutor was accusing Poland of every crime against democracy, against self-determination of the nations, of breaking up the Slav front, pre-war co-operation with Germany and so forth. In other words, every action which their own policy had led them to undertake during those years between 1939-1941, when Russia had been the ally of Germany, was now attributed to Poland and de- scribed as Polish crimes. Reality was reversed ! The following official Russian statement was issued by the Soviet news Agency on March i in reply to the Polish Declaration of February 25 : <c The Declaration of the Polish Government in London bears witness to the fact that the Polish Government refuses to recognise the historic rights of the Ukrainian and White Ruthenian peoples to be united within the National States. ec Continuing to regard as legitimate the aggressive policy of imperialist States, which partitioned among themselves the traditional Ukrainian and White Ruthenian lands, and disregarding the universally known fact of the re-union of the Ukrainian and White Ruthenian peoples within their national States which has already taken place, the Polish Government is thus revealed as, an advocate of a partition of the Ukrainian and White Ruthenian lands, in favour of the policy of plundering the Ukrainian and White Ruthenian peoples. " The leading Soviet circles are of the opinion that the denial of the right of the Ukrainian and White Ruthenian peoples of re-union with their blood brethren bears witness to an imperialist tendency, whereas the references of the Polish Government to the Atlantic Charter have no foundation whatever. The Atlantic Charter does not entitle anyone to encroach on the national rights of the Ukrainians and White Ruthenians but, on the contrary, it has its origin in the principle of the recognition of the national rights of the peoples, including the Ukrainian and the White Ruthenian peoples. cc Even the well-known British Minister, Lord Curzon* in spite of his inimical attitude to the U.S.S.R., realised that Poland cannot put forward a claim to the Ukrainian and White Ruthenian lands, but the Polish ruling circles still show no understanding in this matter. cc The assertion of the Polish ruling circles that Poland, until the beginning of this war, refused to collaborate in any way with Germany against the Soviet Union does not correspond with reality. The whole world faows '-,-115. '